A partial hysterectomy is the surgical removal of part or all of the uterus. A total hysterectomy includes the removal of the cervix. Neither procedure leads to menopause unless accompanied by the removal of both ovaries (see oophorectomy). A radical hysterectomy does trigger menopause, as it involves the removal of not only the uterus and the cervix, but also both ovaries, both fallopian tubes, and nearby tissue.