Vasomotor Symptoms (VMS)
Hot flashes and night sweats are the most recognizable vasomotor symptoms associated with menopause. These intense waves of heat around the head, face, chest, and neck—which may cause the skin to redden, blotch, and perspire—are triggered when hormone fluctuations cause blood vessels to constrict and dilate erratically. Hot flashes can be accompanied by a racing heart. VMS experiences differ among racial and ethnic groups.