Urinary Incontinence

As estrogen declines during menopause, so does the lining of the urethra, the short tube that channels urine from the bladder out of the body, making it harder to control urine flow when the bladder is ready to release. Urinary incontinence can range from slight leakage (i.e., upon laughing or sneezing) to an inability to reach the toilet on time. See Long-Term Health Risks.